一分快三后三独胆计划

来源:企业雅虎  作者:   发表时间:2020-08-11 02:45:04

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

编辑:SEO匿名者

未经授权许可,不得转载或镜像
© Copyright © 1997-2017 by chiquilina.com all rights reserved

百站百胜: 中华网 时讯网 华股财经 北青网焦点新闻 消费日报网 风讯网 宜宾新闻网 鲁中网 中国崇阳网 39健康网 浙江在线 中国广播网 齐鲁热线 商界网 中国涪陵网 好大夫在线 中国经济网陕西 日报社 西江网 爱丽婚嫁网 华股财经 商界网 百度健康 搜搜百科 新疆日报 有问必答网 黑龙江电视台 甘肃新闻网 中国新闻采编网 人民经济网 商都网 齐鲁热线 北京视窗 企业雅虎 搜狐健康 南充人网 蜀南在线 寻医问药 搜狐健康 宜宾新闻网 现代生活 新闻在线 华股财经 赤峰广播电视网 挂号网 维基百科 网易健康 新快报 爱丽婚嫁网 大公网 中国涪陵网 中国经济网陕西 新闻在线 中原网 汉网 企业雅虎 凤凰社 中国日报网河南 新闻在线 中国网 中国日报网河南 北青网焦点新闻 网易 中国企业新闻网 西安网 中国日报网 搜狐健康 汉网 搜搜百科 浙江在线 宣城新闻网 爱丽婚嫁网 放心医苑 京华网 黄河 新闻网 中国经济网陕西 北京热线010 时讯网 中国发展网 百度知道 药都在线 39健康网 中国发展网 甘肃新闻网 消费日报网 新华社 维基百科 慧聪网 商界网 秦皇岛 今晚报 国 华新闻网 中国涪陵网 天翼网 凤凰社 中国发展网 慧聪网 中国经济网 搜搜百科 新浪家居 百度地图 今视网 大公网 39健康网 寻医问药 华夏生活 中国发展网 中国发展网 新浪家居 长江网 商都网 中国经济网 有问必答网 快通网 岳塘新闻网 21财经 北京热线010 中国质量新闻网 百度知道 南充人网 河南金融网 新浪家居 华股财经 河南金融网 东北新闻网 今晚报 中国西藏 慧聪网 大河网 东南网 中国崇阳网 中国吉安网 河南金融网 凤凰网 企业雅虎 天翼网 宜宾新闻网 硅谷网 时讯网 中国涪陵网 现代生活 搜狐 中华网 中国涪陵网 甘肃新闻网 搜狐 磐安新闻网 IT168 中国日报网 红网 今晚报 日报社 凤凰社 磐安新闻网 中国涪陵网 东南网 河南金融网 维基百科 快通网 北国网 赤峰广播电视网 tom网 腾讯健康 中国经济网陕西 人民经济网 甘肃新闻网 深圳热线 中国前沿资讯网 中国经济网陕西 中国前沿资讯网 互动百科 挂号网 有问必答网 中国西藏 IT168 岳塘新闻网 北京热线010 秦皇岛 新中网 千华 网 新闻在线 维基百科 南充人网 天翼网 浙江在线 有问必答 今晚报 西安网 千华 网 深圳热线 中国西藏 维基百科 中国日报网河南 红网